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companero che .com - the truth about Ernesto Che Guevara
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1959 -1960 1960 - 1962 1962 - 1963 1964

1962 - 1963

On 14th February 1962 the national leadership of the Integrated Revolutionary Organizations (ORI) announces the creation of an economic commission instructed with management supervision, encouragement of organizations and guide the economic work the country should do. Che is named a member of this commission. Some time later, the ORI become the United Party of the Socialist Revolution (PURS) and then, in 1965, the Communist Party of Cuba (PCC).


On 30th April 1962 at the ceremony to award prizes to the 45 most distinguished workers in production, held at Garca Lorca Theater in Havana, Che stresses that the working class is what makes history through daily work and daily struggle for development, what affirms it and makes it a reality.


"It is the workers, it is the peasants, it is you, comrades, the creators of this revolution, the creators and supporters of all the good things it has; and my most emotional and most ardent greeting on this day is for you, then, for all working people."


In May 1962 under the auspices of Che and with the aim of reflecting on issues related to the Cuban industrial sector, Nuestra Industria (Our Industry) magazine begins to be published. Specifically, in the first issue, Che writes about the publication's objectives and in subsequent issues he publishes several articles.


On 25th May 1962 he speaks at a ceremony on the 152nd Anniversary of the Argentinean independence, held in Ro Cristal in Havana. He recalls the struggle unleashed by the Argentine people to free themselves from the Spainish colonial yoke. He also refers to the struggles of Cubans in the present century in pursuit of their liberation.


On 31st June 1962 in the Jos Antonio Echeverra Mills, situated in Regla, across the bay in Havana, he takes part in a day of voluntary work. He sews sack number 100,000 of the 200-pound wheat-flour sacks the mill workers succeeded in producing this month. The workers had targeted this goal in homage to the 9th Anniversary of the storm on the Moncada Garrison.

In October 1962 during the days of the October Crisis (Cuban Missile Crisis), also known as the Caribbean Crisis, Che assigns himself the responsibility of heading the defense of Cuba's most westerly province, for which he establishes his command in Cueva de los Portales in Pinar del Ro. At this time, he writes an article entitled "Tactics and Strategy of the Latin American Revolution", in which, among other issues, he analyzes the tense situation prevailing in Cuba as a consequence of direct US threats.


"Cuba is on the brink of invasion; it is threatened by the most powerful forces of world imperialism and, consequently, by atomic death. From its trench that admits no retreat, it throws America its definitive call to fight, a fight that will not be decided in an hour or several minutes of terrible battle. It will be decided in years of exhausting clashes in all corners of the continent admist awful suffering. The attack of the imperialist forces and of their bourgeois allies will repeatedly put the people's movements on the brink of destruction, but they will always emerge renewed by the force of the people until the moment of their total liberation comes. From here, from their stark vanguard trench, our people are making their voice heard. It is not the swan song of a revolution in defeat. It is a revolutionary anthem destined to be immortalized on the lips of America's combatants. It has resonance of history."


On 7th December 1962 at a ceremony in Cacahual on the anniversary of the fall in combat of Major General Antonio Maceo while fighting the Spanish colonial troops, Che highlights the figure of this outstanding fighter for the independence of Cuba.


On 27th January 1963 Che attends a tribute to the most outstanding technicians and manual workers of 1962, held at the Habana Libre Hotel. He stresses that the working class has the key mission of leading the construction of socialism and developing our state.

On 1st April 1963 along with Ral Castro, Che takes part in the opening of a cocoa-processing plant in Baracoa, in Guantnamo province, which was built at a cost of some 800,000 pesos and had the capacity then to process some 4,000,000 lbs of cocoa a year.


On 20th May 1963 Che speaks at a lunch offered to the workers of the Hoy (Today) newspaper on the 25th anniversary of its foundation, and highlights the important role this publication played for a quarter-century.


"Hoy represents the birth of the revolutionary idea in Cuba, of the modern scientific revolutionary idea, the idea of Marxism-Leninism expressed every day as a daily message to the workers of all Cuba, during twenty-five years, except for the natural interludes when the bourgeois powers stopped the newspaper from coming out." apolitical. He is political, but opposed to the liberation movements."


On 24th November 1963 at the closing day of a forum on electricity, Che emphasizes the Revolution has the mammoth task of carrying out the electrification of the country. He also points out the importance of training technicians.


On 20th December 1963 Che speaks at the closing day of the week of solidarity with the people of South Vietnam. He highlights the integrity and heroism of the Vietnamese people who are fighting back the aggression of the United States, and he makes clear the solidarity of the Cuban revolution.


"...When we gather here to salute the Vietnamese people, we are saluting true brothers and sisters. We are embracing in our arms people who, in a faraway region of the world, are fighting for our security and who are fighting for the common hopes that unite the peoples of the three continents which are oppressed at this time: Asia, Africa and our America."

<- 1960 - 1962 1964 ->

A detailed chronology of Che's life you can find
in this book "A Brave Man" on Cuba Directo website


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